A dog owner needs to decide whether the pet needs to be surgically sterilized or not. Unless your dog is of an outstanding breed and the owner a trained breeder, one should always neuter or spay the dog. Normally a puppy should be spayed just before it enters puberty and the procedure can be performed as early as the age of six weeks. A veterinarian can schedule the surgery anytime after all the vaccinations have been given. Do your homework well before the surgery as one should not be misguided.
The main reason behind getting the puppy spayed is to stop overpopulation, as it is a dangerous and costly problem. When there is an overpopulation of pets it becomes difficult to find a loving home for them.
Spaying has health benefits too. Spaying completely eliminates uterine infection and ovarian cysts. Spaying done before the first cycle reduces the potentiality of breast cancer as well. Testicular cancer, perianal adenomas and prostate enlargement is minimized in neutered males.
Spaying is also called ovario-hysterectomy. The ovaries and uterus are surgically removed in this surgery. Neutering is removing the testicles of the male to stop sperm production.
If you have not gotten your pet spayed, you run the risk of having a set of litters. Keeping a constant track on your dog's natural principal urges is not easy. In the interest of the dog's well-being and other social problems, it is best to get the pet spayed. Dogs that have been neutered or spayed get along well with other dogs and follow a better behavioral pattern. Clear your doubts on issues related to the surgery by doing some simple research.
Taking rest after surgery becomes very important for the dog. While some may feel tired and uncomfortable, other won't feel the pain at all, and in the excitement of returning home may run and play. Too much of movement may not be good; keep it in a kennel to reduce its movement.
A cone shaped plastic collar placed around the dog's neck will stop the dog from licking or biting the stitches. Keep a track of the speed of recovery. Discharge or inflammation must immediately be brought to the notice of the vet as these are signs of infection.